Breast Cancer Treatments

The abnormal growth of cells causes Cancer. Cancer occurs as a result of mutations, or abnormal changes, in the genes responsible for regulating the growth of cells and keeping them healthy. The genes in our body are present in the cell’s nucleus so it functions all the vital activities related to the growth. It acts as the “control room” of each cell. Normally, the cells in our body follow a definite procedure to grow by withering away the old ones and replacing them with healthy new cells. But over time, mutations can “turn on” certain genes and “turn off” others in a cell. That changed cell gains the ability to keep dividing without control or order, producing more cells just like it and forming a tumor.The abnormal growth of breast cells causes breast cancer. Breast cancer can begin in any part of the breast.

The breast contains three parts. They are: lobules, ducts, and connective tissue. The lobules are the glands that produce milk. The ducts are tubes that carry milk to the nipple. The connective tissue (which consists of fibrous and fatty tissue) surrounds and holds everything together. Most breast cancers begin in the ducts or lobules. Breast cancer can spread outside the breast through blood vessels and lymph vessels. When breast cancer spreads to other parts of the body, it is said to have metasized.

Causes of breast cancer:

  • Breast cancer occurs due to the abnormal growth of cells
  • The chances of breast cancer increases with age. Old people falls prey to it.
  • It is genetic and hereditary.
  • If you have the presence of cancerous history in one breast, in the past, you are prone to get in another breast as well
  • Women who started their menstrual cycle at a younger age (before 12) or went through menopauselater (after 55) have a slightly increased risk.
  • Women having dense breast tissues are more prominent to breast cancer.
  • Obese women are more likely to fall into this pit
  • Regular use of oral contraceptives have negative impact on your breasts
  • Regular consumption of alcohol is another red signal to breast cancer

Symptoms of breast cancer:

  • New lump in the breast or underarm (armpit).
  • Thickening or swelling of part of the breast.
  • Irritation in breast skin.
  • Redness or flaky skin in the nipple area or the breast.
  • Pulling in of the nipple or pain in the nipple area.
  • Nipple discharge other than breast milk, including blood.
  • Any change in the size or the shape of the breast.
  • Pain in any area of the breast.

What Does Lump In A Breast Mean Other Than Cancer?

Many conditions can cause lumps in the breast, including cancer. There are various reasons for the breast lump except cancer. The two most common causes of breast lumps are fibrocystic breast condition and cysts. Fibrocystic condition causes noncancerous changes in the breast that can make them lumpy, tender, and sore. Cysts develop in the breast and causes cyst lto stay there. You need to follow all the advices of thge doctor in order to lead a happy life.

Diagnosis Of Breast Cancer:

Diagnosis occurs when the patient consults the doctor after detecting the symptoms. Some of the diagnostic procedures are as follows:

Breast Exam:

The doctor will ask the patient to show the armpit and he will check both the breasts to detect the presence of any abnormal growth or lump on it.

Mammogram:

Mammogram is the x-ray of the breasts. They are normally screened but if there is any lump or any abnormal growth in the breast, as detected by the doctor, the patient needs to go for diagnostic mammogram.

Breast ultrasound:

Ultrasound uses sound waves to detect or identity the structure of the lump or formation inside. It produces image of the structure. It shows whether the lump is a solid mass or a liquid fluid.

Removing A Portion Of Breast For Test (Biopsy):

It is another diagnostic procedure to detect the presence of any cancerous lump in the breast. During a biopsy, your doctor uses a specialized needle device guided by X-ray or another imaging test to extract a core of tissue from the suspicious area. To make the future diagnosis possible,a small metal plate is attached to the breast. Later on, with the help of Biopsy sample, we can analyse the cells. A biopsy sample can further analyze the type of cells involved in the breast cancer, including the aggressiveness (grade) of the cancer, and whether the cancer cells have hormone receptors or other receptors which may influence your treatment options.

Breast MRI:

Breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machine uses a magnet as well as radio waves to create picture of the interior of your breast. Before a breast MRI, you receive an injection of dye. Unlike other types of imaging tests, an MRI doesn’t use radiation to create the images.

Breast Cancer Treatment:

The treatment of the cancer depends upon the stage, size, type and grade of the cancer. The doctor will only detect and advice necessary treatment for the patients. Many women after surgery also take supplements for recovery like chemotherapy, hormone therapy, radiations etc. you should always consult the doctor if you want to go for the diagnosis of breast cancer. The operations used to treat breast cancer are as follows:

  1. Removing The Breast Cancer (Lumpectomy):

In lumpectomy, doctor removes the tumor and the tissues surrounding it. This method is known as breast conserving surgery. Lumpectomy is used to remove smaller tumors. In case of bigger tumors, the patient needs to break it by chemotherapy and then can opt for lumpectomy to remove it.

  1. Removing Limited Number Of Lymph Nodes (Sentinel Node Biopsy)

In order to detect the spreading of cancerous cells, your surgeon will discuss with you the role of removing the lymph nodes that are the first to receive the lymph drainage from your tumor. There is no need of removing any node if cancer is not present in it.

      3.Removing Both Breasts:

Some women with cancer in one breast, may choose to have their other (healthy) breast removed (contralateral prophylactic mastectomy) just to decrease the risk of cancer in the other breast because of a genetic predisposition or strong family history. Most women with breast cancer in one breast will never develop cancer in the other breast. Discuss your breast cancer risk with your doctor, along with the benefits and risks of this procedure.

4.Radiation Therapy:

Radio therapy uses high-powered beams of energy, such as X-rays and protons, to kill cancer cells. The energy beams at your body (external beam radiation) is involved in this therapy. It can also be done by placing radioactive material inside your body (brachytherapy). External beam radiation of the whole breast is commonly used after a lumpectomy. Breast brachytherapy may be an option after a lumpectomy if you have a low risk of cancer recurrence. Doctors may also recommend radiation therapy to the chest wall after a mastectomy for larger breast cancers or cancers that have spread to the lymph nodes. Breast cancer radiation can last from three days to six weeks, depending on the treatment. A doctor who uses radiation to treat cancer (radiation oncologist) determines which treatment is best for you based on your situation, your cancer type and the location of your tumor.

5.Chemotherapy:

Chemotherapy uses drugs to destroy fast-growing cells, such as cancer cells. If your cancer has a high risk of returning or spreading to another part of your body, your doctor may recommend chemotherapy after surgery to decrease the chance that the cancer will recur. It is sometimes given before surgery in women with larger breast tumors. The goal is to shrink a tumor to a size that makes it easier to remove with surgery. It is also used in women whose cancer has already spread to other parts of the body. This therapy may be recommended to try to control the cancer and decrease any symptoms the cancer is causing. The side effects depend on the drugs you receive. Common side effects include hair loss, nausea, vomiting, fatigue and an increased risk of developing an infection. Rare side effects can include premature menopause, infertility (if premenopausal), damage to the heart and kidneys, nerve damage, and, very rarely, blood cell cancer.

6.Some Of The Natural Cures:

Stress might affect the already affected condition of your body. If you get the permission from your doctor, start with gentle exercise a few times a week and add more if you feel up to it. Consider walking, swimming, yoga or tai chi. They can keep your mind free. Take control of the stress in your daily life. Try stress reduction techniques such as muscle relaxation, visualization, and spending time with friends and family. You can altogether find an activity that allows you to write about or discuss your emotions, such as writing in a journal, participating in a support group or talking to a counselor.

These are the various treatments of breast cancer.  You need to be very particular before wearing a new inner wear and wash it before using.So, that you will be safe from any bacterial infection. Lift yourself, ladies. Everything is curable if you prevent them.

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